Favorite Linux 3 Flavors & Desktop Environments

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1) Q4OS Debian Stretch 9 – https://q4os.org/blog.html

Q4OS 2.6 Scorpion, stable
08 September, 2018

An update to the Q4OS 2 Scorpion stable LTS is immediately available for download. The new 2.6 release is based on and upgrades to the latest stable versions of the Trinity R14.0.5 desktop and Debian 9.5 Stretch projects. Q4OS specific fixes and patches are revised and provided as well. All the updates are immediately available for existing Q4OS users from the regular Q4OS repositories. You can download installation media images from the Downloads section of the Q4OS website.

Q4OS Scorpion LTS release supported for 5 years is based on Debian 9 Stretch featuring the Trinity 14.0.5 and KDE Plasma 5.8 LTS desktop environments, it’s available for 64bit/x64 and 32bit/i686pae computers as well as i386 systems without PAE extension. ARM 64bit/arm64 and 32bit/armhf ports are provided as well. Q4OS offers its own exclusive utilities and features, specifically the ‘Desktop profiler’ application for profiling your computer into different professional working tools, ‘Setup’ utility for smooth installation of third-party applications, a ‘Welcome Screen’ with several integrated shortcuts to make system configuration easier for novice users, LXQT, XFCE, Cinnamon and LXDE alternative environments installation options and many more.

2) Linux Min 19 – https://linuxmint.com/rel_tara_cinnamon_whatsnew.php

New features in Linux Mint 19 Cinnamon
Linux Mint 19 is a long term support release which will be supported until 2023. It comes with updated software and brings refinements and many new features to make your desktop experience more comfortable.

Linux Mint 19 “Tara” Cinnamon Edition

In Linux Mint 19, the star of the show is Timeshift. Although it was introduced in Linux Mint 18.3 and backported to all Linux Mint releases, it is now at the center of Linux Mint’s update strategy and communication.

Thanks to Timeshift you can go back in time and restore your computer to the last functional system snapshot. If anything breaks, you can go back to the previous snapshot and it’s as if the problem never happened.

This greatly simplifies the maintenance of your computer, since you no longer need to worry about potential regressions. In the eventuality of a critical regression, you can restore a snapshot (thus canceling the effects of the regression) and you still have the ability to apply updates selectively (as you did in previous releases).

Security and stability are of paramount importance. By applying all updates you keep your computer secure and with automated snapshots in place its stability is guaranteed.

Update Manager
The Update Manager no longer promotes vigilance and selective updates. It relies on Timeshift to guarantee the stability of your system and suggests to apply all available updates.

If it cannot find your Timeshift configuration, it shows a warning:

The Update Manager

Updates are sorted by type, with security and kernel updates at the top.

A new type was introduced for updates originating from 3rd party repositories and/or PPAs. Hovering your mouse cursor over these updates shows their origin in a tooltip.

In the past automatic updates were reserved to advanced users. It was assumed that if somebody was experienced enough to set a cron job, they would be experienced enough to parse APT logs and work around regressions. Thanks to Timeshift, which makes it easy for anyone to work around regressions by restoring snapshots, automatic updates can now be enabled easily, in the preferences.

Automatic updates

The mintupdate-tool command was replaced by mintupdate-cli. This new command doesn’t use dconf, it provides better options and it is easier to use in scripts and in the terminal.

Kernel updates rely on meta-packages rather than manually installing kernel packages. This makes it easier to remove older kernels by using “apt autoremove”.

Support for “lowlatency” kernels was added.

The Update Manager switched to symbolic icons to better support dark themes and provides a keyboard shortcuts window in its help menu.


Desktop Environments

What is KDE?
The K Desktop Environment (KDE) Community is an international technology team dedicated to creating a free and user-friendly computing experience, offering an advanced graphical desktop, a wide variety of applications for communication, work, education and entertainment and a platform to easily build new applications upon. We have a strong focus on finding innovative solutions to old and new problems, creating a vibrant atmosphere open for experimentation.

KDE’s software in Debian
Plasma by KDE is one of the DesktopEnvironment options in the DebianDesktopHowTo.

You can find information about KDE’s software in Debian from the Debian Qt/KDE maintainers website.

DebianWheezy contains KDE Platform, Applications and Workspaces (Plasma) 4.8.4 with KDE PIM 4.4.11.

DebianJessie contains the KDE Platform and Applications 4.14.0 and KDE Workspaces (Plasma) 4.11.13. Information for users of KDE with Jessie

DebianStretch contains the KDE Frameworks 5.28, Plasma 5.8 and Applications 16.08 (16.04 for PIM components)

DebianUnstable contains the KDE Frameworks 5.28, Plasma 5.8 and Applications 16.04/16.08

3) Fedora – is an open-source operating system built over the Linux OS kernel architecture and developed by a group of developers and contributors under the Fedora Project.

Fedora is a free to use, customize and distribute. The operating system is integrated with packaged software and applications.

Fedora is a Linux distribution developed by the community-supported Fedora Project and sponsored by Red Hat. Fedora contains software distributed under various free and open-source licenses and aims to be on the leading edge of such technologies. Fedora is the upstream source of the commercial Red Hat Enterprise Linux distribution.[13]

Since the release of Fedora 21, three different editions are currently available: Workstation, focused on the personal computer, Server for servers, and Atomic focused on cloud computing.

As of February 2016, Fedora has an estimated 1.2 million users, including Linus Torvalds, creator of the Linux kernel. For details visit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fedora_(operating_system)

Download Fedora 29 LXDE Desktop

Past flavors I have tried:

Sparky Linux – CentOS – Fedora – openSUSE – Lubuntu- ubuntu – Mint – Peppermint OS – Puppy – Slackware – Bodhi – Q4OS. Linux Mint 19 “Tara” Cinnamon Edition- Currently still testing more.

Future: Colin Finck has announced the release of ReactOS 0.4.10, the latest version of the project’s open-source operating system which is developed with the goal of running Windows applications and drivers in an open-source environment. The new release allows booting from a Btrfs file system and there are also various front-end and stability improvements: “The ReactOS project is pleased to announce the release of version 0.4.10, the latest of our quarterly cadence of releases.

The project has seen an increasing emphasis on consistency and stability over the past few months, an emphasis the rapid release schedule helps re-enforce to provide a better end-user experience. Even as new pieces of functionality are added, all this would be for naught if a user could not access them reliably. The headline feature for 0.4.10 would have to be ReactOS’ ability to now boot from a Btrfs formatted drive. Parallel to this effort was more basic work needed to expose the option to use Btrfs in the ReactOS installer and boot loader.

The combined effort proved fruitful indeed and users are invited to try out Btrfs support in 0.4.10.” Read the release announcement with screenshots for full details. As always, ReactOS is available in Live and Install builds; download links.

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